Every cotton fabric has a different feel to it. The thickness of the thread and the type of weave create our experience when we touch the fabric. The memories of the materials we slept in as a child accompany many of us for the rest of our lives. Be it percale or an organic cotton mattress topper, we intuitively associate emotions with any type of fabric.
Percale is a popular fabric for bedding and duvets. Its fine cotton threads are woven together very tightly. Delicate patterns and light colors make percale appear even more luxurious. This beautiful fabric is created in plain weave technique meaning that the weft thread alternates between going over and under the warp thread. On its return, the process is reversed. This forms a tight criss-cross pattern.
Batiste is a delicate lightweight plain weave of very fine cotton threads, usually even finer than the ones used in percale. Batiste can be very thin and opaque; the kind of batiste that is used for bedding is often called cambric. Just like percale, batiste is in plain weave. For our duvets made in Switzerland, we use a very fine fair-trade batiste. This fabric has a very soft and luxurious feeling to it and it has a thread count of 250, which means you’re buying the highest grade quality. Standard grade cotton cambric has a thread count of about 150 and good quality starts at about 180 to 200 and is called percale.
The satin shine of sateen is achieved by applying the satin weave technique, in which the weft goes under the warp once, then over several warp threads and then it passes under a single warp thread again and so on. In the next row, this pattern is repeated, shifted by one thread. It’s the technique that causes the shine of the fabric.
Cotton jersey differs from cotton in that the threads are not woven but knitted, similar to a woolen sweater. Because of that, the fabric is stretchable and slightly elastic. Jersey doesn't crease and doesn’t have to be ironed to stay smooth and creaseless. This popular type of fabric has a higher volume than other cotton fabrics and due to this fact, it feels softer and warmer. We use GOTS (Global Organic Textile Standard) certified Jersey for the interior of our baby sleeping bags to promote an optimal ecological sleeping environment.
Twill is a unique weaving technique that creates a diagonal line in the fabric, called step. As an alternative to cambric, the shell of a duvet can also be made of twill.
The special flair of flannel is achieved by brushing the surface which gives it a soft and cozy feel. This procedure also makes the fabric appear thicker and softer. A twill weave is often used for this type of fabric.